First aid is a very important skill to learn as most people will find themselves, at some point in their lives, in a situation where they need to know some of the basics in order to save a person’s life. But what are those basics and, more specifically, what equipment should you know how to use to help you in your quest to save lives? A lot of what you will need is just your wits and your body, but there are sometimes pieces of equipment that will aid you greatly. Here are some of the items that you should be familiar with.
One of the basics moves in first aid is CPR. This stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Everyone has seen it, the pushing down on the chest and the mouth-to-mouth resuscitation that goes with it. But sometimes the heart actually needs to be shocked back to life and this is where devices called a defibrillators Australia has specific rules pertaining to them, can be very handy. This device is commonly found in shopping centres, at airports or at other public places. Learn how to use it, and also when to use it. And if you are frequenting a public space on a regular basis, know where to find these devices. Don’t be the guy person who knows it is somewhere close but who cannot find the tools when they are actually needed.
If a person breaks a bone in a remote place, then you need to know how to fashion a splint. This is a means of protecting the break and stopping it from moving. Most people won’t carry the items required, but the good news is that to fashion a splint you can normally find the items needed around you. Ideally, you need a couple of straight sticks and some cloth. Done right, this should be enough to secure the injury and to ensure that a person can be carried or moved to safety.
First Aid teachers are very quick to let you know that without some basic pieces of equipment you should not be performing first aid. The golden rule is that without a CPR mask you should not perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and that without latex gloves you should not touch a person who is bleeding. The reason for this is that you must ensure that in saving a person’s life that you are not inadvertently endangering your own. What you don’t want is to contract a blood-borne disease through contact with an infected person.
This is another item that most first aides will not carry with them but which they should know how to use. The golden rule is that if a person has a spinal injury that you should not move them. Secure the neck and don’t move the person. If necessary, hold their head securely between your hands to ensure that movement doesn’t happen. You will only be able to hold a person’s head steady for so long. Your manual efforts will need to be replaced by a brace or a back-board to ensure that movement does not occur.